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What does the Nursery Program do for you?

A Montana agricultural nursery. The Montana Department of Agriculture Nursery Program provides licenses for the sale and distribution of nursery products.

The Montana Department of Agriculture Nursery Program provides licenses for the sale and distribution of nursery products as part of efforts to maintain the quality of all nursery stock grown in Montana. The nursery program also monitors nursery stock that is imported to or from the state of Montana.

The Nursery Program's Objectives:

  • Ensure that plant materials are free from harmful pests;
  • Monitor for noxious weeds;
  • Check for accurate plant and variety identification and labeling; and
  • Protect the health of agriculture in Montana.

Agricultural and forest pests can hitchhike on nursery stock that is moved from one part of the world to another. Almost all plant material sold in Montana is imported and hitchhikers are a real threat to the state. Insects and diseases that hitchhike on nursery stock can have a harmful effect or destroy plants grown in the horticultural industry, agricultural crops, and native plants. The economic loss caused by plant pests is not limited to direct damage to nursery stock. Infestation or damage in agricultural commodities may destroy the use of a crop, or make it unsuitable for export. These kinds of effects can extend throughout the economies of the entire state or region.

How does the program ensure nursery stock quality?

By law, and by reciprocal agreements with other states, plant material at businesses that sell or distribute nursery stock is required to be inspected and certified free from injurious plant pests. Inspections are conducted to intercept pests not known to occur in Montana and to protect consumers from purchasing plant material that is not healthy. Nursery inspectors have the expertise and up-to-date knowledge of existing and new pest threats, quarantines, and regulatory requirements that apply to businesses, the public, and agricultural industries. They can also provide advice on best management practices to reduce insect and disease pathways specific to the state of Montana, and ways to improve the general health of nursery stock.

To ensure quality nursery stock and provide protection for Montana's nursery industry and consumers, the program inspects and samples nursery stock at the following locations:

  • Florists;
  • Nursery stock growing sites;
  • Garden centers;
  • Nursery stock distribution points;
  • Retail stores carrying nursery stock;
  • Landscaping businesses;
  • Farmers markets; and
  • Other locations as needed.

All plant material available for sale must be properly labeled, listing the scientific or common name. When necessary, the program collects plant samples from the above nursery stock growing locations and retail sites to provide information for national surveys. A working relationship with the USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine seeks to prevent new pest introductions and the movement of plant pests from foreign countries.

Who needs a nursery license?

Licenses are required for any person or business that sells or distributes nursery stock in Montana. If you sell plant material in the state of Montana and have $1,001 or more in nursery stock, you must have a nursery license. Currently license fees are decided by a tiered system:

  • A business with $1,000 or less in nursery stock sales is not required to have a nursery license.
  • A business with $1,001 to $5,000 is required to pay a $25 license fee.
  • A business with $5,000 or more in nursery stock sales is required to pay a $100 nursery license fee.

What is nursery stock?

The definition of nursery stock is as follows and can be found in MCA 80-7-1:

Nursery stock means botanically classified plants or parts of plants, including but not limited to tropical potted plants, aquatic plants, cut trees and their products, and turf or sod grass. The following plants and plant materials may not be considered nursery stock:

  • a. field crop plants and seeds;
  • b. pasture grasses;
  • c. cut plants not for propagation;
  • d. fruits or vegetables for human or animal consumption;
  • f. cut trees and products that are going to be processed to a point that they no longer represent a pest risk; and
  • e. plant debris for disposal or processing.

How to obtain a nursery license?

Nursery licenses must be obtained through eStop Business Licensing and can now be purchased on-line. See below in External Forms for links to the eStop Business Licenses Guide (PDF format and eStop Business Licensing Portal to apply for your nursery license.

Changes Ahead

Follow the links below for more information on upcoming changes to the Nursery Program:

Please provide us with comments and suggestions on the proposed nursery changes! Use the form, email address or phone number listed on the Contact Us page.

Nursery Program News

Montana Department of Agriculture releases 2017 edition of Grown in Montana: Farming and Ranching Under the Big Sky

Magazine highlights Montana’s diverse agriculture industry

Montana Department of Agriculture releases 2017 edition of Grown in Montana: Farming and Ranching Under the Big Sky

Helena, Mont. – The 2017 edition of Grown in Montana: Farming and Ranching Under the Big Sky is now available. The magazine highlights Montana’s agriculture industry and the people who power it. From the continued growth of Montana’s value-added sector, to the state’s flourishing distilleries, to the challenges of estate and succession planning, the magazine covers numerous topics related to Montana agriculture.

Agriculture: The backbone of Montana's Economy


Beth Eiring
Quarantine/Nursery Specialist

Phone : (406) 444-9066
E-mail :
Fax : (406) 444-9493
302 N Roberts
Helena, MT 59601


Montana Department of Agriculture
Phone : (406) 444-3144
E-mail :
Fax : (406) 444-5409
302 N Roberts
Helena, MT 59601


Nursery Files & Forms

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